How the pandemic removed the home advantage in sports

Card count for home teams goes up in ‘ghost games’.

A man wearing yellow and black holds up a yellow card. Three men in black and pink look at him. Their are empty stadium seats in the background
Referee Jorge Figueroa Vazquez shows a yellow card to Toni Kroos of Real Madrid during the La Liga Santander match between Elche CF and Real Madrid at Estadio Martinez Valero on December 30, 2020 in Elche, Spain. Sporting stadiums around Spain remain under strict restrictions due to the Coronavirus Pandemic as Government social distancing laws prohibit fans inside venues resulting in games being played behind closed doors. Credit: Eric Alonso/Getty Images.