Why do humans have bigger brains than apes?
Researchers identify key genetic switch in brains grown in a dish.
Human brains grow three times larger than those of our primate cousins – and researchers have just figured out how. ...
Ancient tree-climbing kangaroo discovered
Researchers discover extinct kangaroo adapted for life in the upper storey.
Researchers have discovered an extinct tree-climbing kangaroo species, which boasted powerful hind- and forelimbs, gr...
Diverse crocodiles underwent rapid evolution
New study reveals ancient crocodiles were far more disparate than today, thanks to rapid evolution.
Ancient crocodile species were far more diverse than their modern counterparts, occupying niches held today by animal...
Thumbs up (and over)
Manual dexterity emerged two million years ago, study suggests.
Dexterous thumbs – considered a hallmark of being human – were present two million years ago, according to a study pu...
Some evolutionary changes have no particular reason or benefit.
It’s easy to focus on the big picture when one thinks of evolution: how organisms adapt and change over the march of ...
Stark legacy: secrets of dire wolves revealed
Forensic DNA reveals dire wolves are their own species.
If you think dire wolves (Canis dirus) are closely related to other wolves then you know nothing, Jon Snow. A new ...
Skull scans demonstrate example of convergent evolution.
The extinct Tasmanian tiger, or thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus), remains one of Australia’s most iconic and myste...
Evolutionary link that helped pterosaurs fly
Fossils suggest flightless relative was a middleman.
It’s taking time – in no small part due to the difficulty in finding good evidence – but we’re slowly learning more a...
Rethinking the origins of complex life
Studies shift timeline by 100 million years.
Scientists from Australia, Germany, France and the US have shifted the timeline of the origin of complex life, overtu...
Well-preserved addition to the evolution story
South African cave throws up another important find.
A two-million-year-old hominin skull has been uncovered in a South African cave, providing fresh insight into the mic...
Five eyes and quite a story to tell
Fossil fills gap in the evolution of arthropods.
The fossilised 520-million-year-old creature shown above had five eyes on stalks, but that’s only part of its attract...
How pterosaurs flew and what they ate
More insights into the great lizards of the sky.
Two new studies have uncovered details about how pterosaurs – the winged cousins of dinosaurs – evolved to become dea...