Ancient hominin walked like a human but climbed like an ape

Early hominins used their upper limbs to climb like apes and their lower limbs to walk like humans, according to new fossil evidence. In 2015, mining excavations in Malapa, South Africa, revealed fossil vertebrae trapped in cement-like rock called breccia. Analysis revealed the vertebrae to be two million years old, from the lower back of … Continue reading Ancient hominin walked like a human but climbed like an ape

Dog days in prehistoric Europe

Scientists have unearthed the earliest evidence of wild hunting dogs in Europe, from more than 1.7 million years ago – and they may have lived alongside early humans. A team led by Saverio Bartolini-Lucenti from the University of Florence, Italy, found a large canine at the archaeological site of Dmanisi in Georgia. This site is … Continue reading Dog days in prehistoric Europe

Zlatý kůň: The oldest human genome

Scientists have identified potentially the oldest human genome from a 45,000-year-old skull. When humans and Neanderthals interbred, they shared DNA. Over time, as this breeding discontinued, the amount of Neanderthal DNA in the human genome dropped to around 2-3% for people outside of Africa. However, this percentage is useful for determining how old the genome … Continue reading Zlatý kůň: The oldest human genome

Early humans in the Kalahari were innovative

New archaeological evidence from Africa’s interior challenges notions that the emergence of Homo sapiens relied on adaptations to coastal environments, according to an international team of scientists. Excavations from a rock shelter at Ga-Mohana Hill on the edge of South Africa’s Kalahari Desert revealed signs of complex human behaviours 105,000 years ago, paralleling similar discoveries … Continue reading Early humans in the Kalahari were innovative

Study puts Denisovans on roof of the world

DNA evidence has confirmed that a cave on the Tibetan Plateau was once home to Denisovans, an ancient species of humans whose remains had previously only been found in Siberia. The research, led by China’s Lanzhou University and published in the journal Science, shows that these close cousins of Neanderthals occupied the cave from at … Continue reading Study puts Denisovans on roof of the world