Over venus over uluru, trailed by jupiter in the early evening zodiacal dust light

Venus: First Peoples recognising the Morning and Evening Star

By Kirsten Banks and Duane Hamacher.

Venus is the brightest planet and third brightest object in the sky after the Sun and Moon. Of all the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander astronomical traditions involving the planets, Venus is the most prominent. The regular path of Venus (pictured over Uluru, trailed by Jupiter) has long been understood, and is celebrated in numerous ceremonies and stories.

The Yolηgu people on Galiwin’ku (Elcho Island) in the Northern Territory conduct a sacred ceremony called Banimbirr when Venus rises in the morning sky after disappearing as an Evening Star eight days previously. This ceremony is planned well in advance and people travel from far and wide to attend as Venus ascends into the dawn sky, signalling the location of Burralku, the island of the dead in the east. Elders explain how they count the days to know when it will appear. Western astronomers refer to this cycle as the synodic period of Venus, which lasts for 584 days before repeating. 

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