Why do we have a chin?
The chin serves no obvious purpose.
Big, small and sometimes dimpled, everyone has a chin – and we’d look pretty odd without one. But why is it there? Th...
The English were eating each other
Signs of cannibalism 14,700 years ago.
Scientists have found signs of gnawing and butcher marks on human leg, rib, other bones in a cave in the Cheddar Gorg...
Clues in a Neanderthal's milk tooth
Renaud Joannes-Boyau describes his research and why it matters.
We may have deciphered their DNA but much of Neanderthal life remains a fascinating mystery. New research on an eight...
Neanderthal jewellery pre-dates human contact
Jewellery worn before contact with modern humans.
Neanderthals were wearing jewellery long before they encountered modern humans, a new study suggests. Researchers hav...
Jaw bone discovery may rewrite human history
Fossil found in Ethiopia suggests first Homo species.
A fossil of a lower jaw bone found in Ethiopia is about 400,000 years older than other fossils from the earliest know...
Why Asians carry more Neanderthal DNA
Neanderthals may have lived longer in Asia than thought.
Two independent teams of researchers investigating why East Asian people have more Neanderthal DNA than Europeans hav...
Language and tool-making may be linked
Language evolved to pass on the skill of stone tool-making.
Ever found yourself gesturing to bemused locals as you try asking for directions in a foreign city? It’s an inkling o...
Skull shows human-Neanderthal link
Described as a “key piece in the puzzle of human evolution”.
A 55,000-year-old skull found in a cave near Nahariya in northern Israel has been described as a "key piece in the pu...
Vesuvius-charred scrolls give up their secrets
Use of X-ray techniques to read the ancient scrolls.
Among the items burned and buried in volcanic ash was a library in a villa in Herculaneum, a Roman city near Pompeii ...
Dating the ancient past in tiny bites
Carbon dating has revealed ancestors were adept dentists.
A dusty old piece of ancient human jawbone, stored for more than a century in a museum in Trieste, Italy, has given a...
The Bronze Age population collapse
Climate change ruled out as factor.
It has long been assumed that climate change was responsible for a huge population collapse in Europe at the end of t...
The ancient fish that first had sex
Ancient fish are challenging reproduction knowledge.
When back-boned animals get down to business, they do it in one of two ways. Either females release eggs to be extern...